Bihar Cuisine

Bihar cuisine has been enriched by the influence of rich ancient culture and also by the modernization. Bihar cuisine has become famous for its traditional methods of cooking, unique taste and variety of flavor. A great diversity is witnessed in the cuisines of Bihar and this makes it the paradise for the food lovers.

Food Variety in Bihar

Once in Bihar, people need not to sacrifice with their food habits, because every kind of food is available in this state of India. Bihar is famous for its varied and distinct cuisine and developed its food habit from the different dynasties and gradually their food habit got embedded in Bihar cuisine. Enjoy the most traditional Bihar Cuisine on your visit to Bihar in India.

All the regions in Bihar have their own cooking styles and tastes but most people prefer simple and pure vegetarian food consisting of bhat (Rice), dal (lentils), roti (bread), sabji (vegetables) and achar (pickles).

The famous Jhal Moori (puffed rice with sprouts, peanuts and green chillies)is a favorite snack in most parts of the state.
Khichdi, the broth of rice and lentils, seasoned with spices, and served with thick curd, chutney, pickles, papads, ghee (clarified butter) and chokha (boiled mashed potatoes, seasoned with finely cut onions, green chillies) constitutes the diet for most people of Bihar.

Being blessed with fertile scales and rivers Bihar Cuisine offers rice as the staple food. One of the most famous and demanded rice is Shali rice which has its spreading preference in whole world and Basmati and Shah Pasand are adored in India. Being the staple food of Bihari Cuisine, rice has a variety of preparations to offer. Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was said to be offered rice cooked with milk and honey.

Kadhi is also a popular cuisine of Bihar, served with pakora eaten with plain rice. Salad with cabbage, raw peas, onions, tomatoes, cucumber, coriander leaves, beet root, carrot and fresh winter vegetables are served in huge thali's along with the food.

Bihar cuisine offers several tasty morning foods which have their immense nutritional value. Sattu (flour of roasted grams), one of them, is another and important ingredient which is used extensively in Bihar. It is considered as a high energy giving food consumed by nearly about all calegory of people in Bihar. There are many dishes made with sattu like litti, Sattu ki Roti etc. In most areas of Bihar, doughed sattu is being consumed with some salt and pickles.

Bihar Famous Litti Chokha
It is also considered as an appetizer and is taken with water and is served with pickle, onion and green chillies, is a common intake of the laboured class. Another preparation of Sattu is prepared with raisins, milk, cashew nuts and pista, a favorable drink of the elite. Sattu mixed with spices are used to prepare stuffed 'chapattis'( locally called as 'Makuni Roti'). Litti Chokha, prepared with sattu and wheat flour and taken with mashed potato and brinjal is common dish found everywhere from hotels to roadside dhabas and is a specialty of Bihar. To taste the real taste of Litti Chokha, people visit the Bihar.

There are several other traditional recipes which are consumed during festivals and ceremonies.
Pua, prepared from a mixture of powdered rice, milk, ghee (clarified butter), sugar and honey and its variant Malpua is favourite with most people. Pittha and Bakha, steam cooked, mixture of powdered rice is prepared in North eastern Bihar.

Chiwra, beaten rice, served with a coat of creamy curd and sugar or jaggery (locally known as Chura Dahi) is a favourite breakfast among the people of Bihar.

Makhana (a kind of water fruit) cultivated around Muzzaffarpur is prepared from lotus seeds and is taken puffed or as kheer, prepared with milk and sugar is must during marriages and religious ceremonies.

The distinctive Bihari flavor of the non-vegetarian dishes like Kebabs, Mutton preparations is very appealing. Bihar is famous for Bihari Kebabs a non vegetarian dish favorite with many people . Some of the other famous dishes like Keema (minced meat), Murgh Musallam (a chicken delicacy), Naahari (broth with chunks of meat, cooked overnight is popular all over Bihar.

Most Bihari households take delight in preparing kebab, zardah, biryani, sheer maal during holy month of Ramzan and religious festivals like Eid. Bakarkhani a type of round bread prepared during marriages in Bihar has got its name from one of the Persian governors Baqar Khan.


Bihar cuisine offers variety of sweet delicacies like Motichoor ka Ladoo, Khurma, Balushahi, Anarasa, Khaja, Kala Jamun, Kesaria Peda, Parwal ki Mithai, Khubi Ka Lai, Belgrami, Tilkut, Thekua, Murabba and Chena Murki to the tourist. Some of these delicacies owe their origin to towns for example Khaja from Silao Nalanda, Ladoo from Bihar Sharif, Kala Jamun from Vikram, Khubi ka Lai from Barh, Tilkut and Kesaria Peda from Gaya, balushahi from Harnaut and Chena Murki from Koilwar.

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