Culture of Bihar

Bihar, the land of Buddhism and Jainism, has a rich cultural heritage. People in Bihar celebrate and enjoy a whole range of festivals with reverence and enthusiasm and come closer by forgetting their differences. People of Bihar celebrate these festivals to promote love, harmony, brotherhood and peace. The art and culture of Bihar is not only old, but rich and prosperous as well. It is the land where the art of the stone-age man was found.

Festivals

Bihar Culture
Chhath festival is dedicated to the Sun God and begins on the fourth day of the month of Kartik Shukhla Paksha (second fortnight of Kartik). This corresponds to late October to mid November depending on the year. It is one of the impotant and holiest festival of Bihar and extends to four days. The festival is celebrated with great joy and devotion among Bihari people. Holi festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Bihar. Holi songs, locally called Phagua, are full of rhythms and melodious. Biraha, quite popular among local people, has great history behind it.

Crafts

Bihar Crafts
The beautiful stories of the ancient times are depicted in the exquisite handicrafts of Bihar. Bihar has a rich heritage of handicrafts like hand-painted wall hangings, wooden stools, miniatures in paper and leaves, stone pottery, bamboo, leather goods and applique work. Madhubani Paintings are world famous. These works of art often adorn city homes and are also exported. A strict monopoly of women of Mithila, Madhubani artists work with natural colors on paper and cloth, making works that narrate mythological and religious events.

Dress and Ornaments

Simplicity and plainness are the twin characteristics of the dress of the people of Bihar. Hindu elderly person prefers Dhoti (an Indian loin cloth), a Muslim person might dress himself in Lungi or Pyjama (loose trousers). As an upper garment, men usually go for Kurta (loose, normally cotton, Indian, T-shirts) and shirts. The women costume of Bihar is chosen carefully in keeping with tradition. As per tradition, married women, smear the hair- parting zone with powder of Sindoor or vermillion. Tikli, a forehead-adorning little ornament is added to the hair-partitioning area. On the forehead, a Bihari married woman, be she an urban or a rural one, usually applies bindi. A lot of Bihari women, love applying Kajal i.e. eye-pencil, or antimony eye-make-up called Surma, to improve the appeal of their eyes.

Entertainment

People of Bihar are very found of movies. They endeared the movies made in Bhojpuri language. Bihar has a robust Bhojpuri cinema industry, granting a flavor of rich ethnicity of the state of Bihar. "Ganga Maiya Tohe Piyari Chadaibois" was the first film made in Bhojpuri language in 1962 and until now, Nadiya Ke Par is the most famed Bhojpuri film. There is also the existence of Maithili film industry, which has flourished and still is in its nascent stage. "Kanyadan" was the first Maithili Film. It was brought out in 1965 & Phani Majumdar was its director. To the people of Bihar , these movies made in regional Bihari languages sell like hot cakes. Recently, a film named ` Khagaria Vali Bhouji` was made in Angika language which is widely spoken by Biharis. Most of the famous Hindi filmmakers had incorporated the Angika language in their dialogues. Parinita (Old), Gangajal (Produced by Prakash Jha), Tisri Kasam are some examples.
Inspite of all these, theatre is also an integral part of lifestyle of the people in Bihar. Popular theatres of Bihar like Reshma-Chuharmal, Bihula-Bisahari, Bahura-Gorin, Raja Salhesh had its origination in Ang region. Bidesia is a popular category of dance play is Bidesia and it is a favorite of all Bhojpuri people.

 
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